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Pickaway County is Rich in History


Pickaway County, Ohio is located in the south-central part of the state and has a rich history dating back to the early 1800s. The county was officially established in 1810 and is named after the Piqua tribe of Native Americans who once inhabited the area.

In the early years of the county’s history, the economy was primarily based on agriculture, with the main crops being corn and wheat. The county also had a strong manufacturing industry, with many residents working in the textile and furniture industries. The county seat, Circleville, was a bustling center of trade and commerce, known for its annual Pumpkin Show festival, which still takes place till today.

Pickaway County played a significant role in the Underground Railroad, as many abolitionists lived in the area and helped fugitive slaves escape to freedom in Canada. There are several historical sites in the county that commemorate this important part of the county’s history, including the Underground Railroad Center and the Isaac B. Riley House.

The county also played a role in the Civil War, with many residents enlisting in the Union army and several Civil War-era camps and prisons located in the area.

In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the county experienced a period of growth and modernization. The construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal and the arrival of the railroad brought new industry and commerce to the area. This period also saw the development of new towns and cities, including the county seat of Circleville.

Throughout its history, Pickaway County has been home to a diverse population, including immigrants from Ireland, Germany, and Italy. This diversity has greatly influenced the county’s culture, and it can be seen in the architecture, food, and customs of the area.

Today, Pickaway County is known for its rich history and cultural heritage. Visitors can explore the county’s many historical sites, including the Underground Railroad Center, the Isaac B. Riley House, and the annual Pumpkin Show festival. The county is also home to several state parks, including Pickaway County Park and Deer Creek State Park, which offer hiking, camping, and other outdoor activities.

In summary, Pickaway County has a rich history, from its indigenous inhabitants, through the arrival of European settlers, the Civil War, and its important role in the Underground Railroad, to its current status as a county rich in culture and heritage, with many historical sites to explore, outdoor activities to enjoy and the famous Circleville Pumpkin Show